# Specific Gravity Of Oil Value

If the specific gravity is greater than 1 the gas is heavier than air and the vapor will be found low; the larger the number the heavier the gas is and the lower vapors will be found. Of the projects still in planning, the production of finished consumer products accounts for about 10 per cent. Some other standards set pure water at 60°F as sg = 1 so it is more correct to state the base used. Permian, Eagle Ford, Bakken, and Oklahoma production gravity data. Does anyone know the specific gravity of Canola oil at 60 degrees C? Does anyone know the formula to convert Metric tonnes to cubic meters? Thanks. The weight of 50 mL empty density bottle was taken and recorded, w o. Specific-Gravity Bottle: A flask made to hold a known volume of liquid at a specified temperature (usually 20°C). Nonetheless, the temperature and pressure must be specified for both the sample and the reference. This is because lighter oils are generally easier to produce and refine than heavy oils, and therefore tend to have higher value. Choosing a rubber compound: The information below allows the identification of the compound types that have the required characteristics for a specific application. 0045 we obtain 0. 5% of the measured values with mass fraction replaced by volume fraction. Specific Gravity Values In this appendix, we describe the general relationship between basic specific gravity and specific gravity values baaed on volume at other moisture content levels. Complete this page with your answers, and hit the 'submit' button at the end of the page to continue. Acid Treatment: 300 ml of used engine oil was measured in a 500 ml beaker. Like previous HTML specifications, HTML 4 allows attribute values to remain unquoted in many circumstances (e. 698, bulk oven dry specific gravity is 2. Since its the ratio, specific gravity of a substance is a unit-less quantity. Crude oil Specific gravity API gravity US Domestic California 0. , it has no associated unit of measure. It has low viscosity, low specific gravity and high API gravity due to the presence of a high proportion of light hydrocarbon fractions. Bransfield thought the cleric’s apartment was barren. CI is defined in terms of Mean Average Boiling Point (Tb) and specific gravity (SG) at 60°F as shown in Equation 10: C I = 87 , 552 T b + 473. Calculate the volumetric flow rate of the oil. Calculate API gravity values from increments based on the specific gravity values. Other wastewater characte ristics important in the design of oil/water separators are the specific gravities of the oil and water phases and the absolute viscosity of the wastewater, both at the minimum design temperature. 61% by the afternoon. Specific Gravity - What Is It And Why Does It Matter? Specific Gravity. Specific gravity is the density of a substance divided by the density of water. 4: DENSg = 0. “Opt-Sonic calculation” is applied by using an optical sensor and a sonic sensor, “Opt-Sonic calculation” is based on the. how can it demonstrate quality????. Thus, the results suggest that hot processed palm oil may require more energy to heat than cold processed oil. Specific gravity for oil field waters can be estimated using the chloride. Pure water at 4°C (the maximum density) was chosen as the accepted standard for specific gravity and given the value of 1. 0 while its density is 1. •Toxicity is the degree to which a substance can damage an organism. * Centipoise = centistokes x specific gravity where specific gravity is assumed to be 0. Weight is determined in the conventional manner and volume may be measured by liquid or gas displacement. Specific Gravity is the ratio of the weight of a given volume of aggregate to the weight of an equal volume of water. The principle is that it is the ratio of mass of a given volume of bitumen to the mass of an equal volume of water, both taken at a recorded/specified temperature. 5 specific gravity (SG) should not be put into service holding a liquid that weighs 1. The theoretical maximum specific gravity test is integral to Superpave mix design as well as field quality assurance. 9095 and the temperature 210 C, then by adding 0. The following illustration involving the use of the pycnometer is instructive. Including:. The term "relative density" is often preferred in scientific usage. Bitumen weights sometimes have to be converted into volumes for asphalt concrete mix design calculations for which a knowledge of specific gravity is essential. Specific gravity of a bitumen binder is a fundamental property frequently required as an aid in classing binders for use in paving jobs. Presented here are the measured values of specific gravity in the range from -40 ˚ C to 200 ˚ C. Effect of storage history on the specific heat capacity of crude palm oil samples showed that the specific heat capacity of the. Testing for urine specific gravity range is one of the important tests conducted to rule out diseases of kidney and liver. The relative density of petroleum liquids can also be uncovered by using API gravity value: RD at 60 o F = 141. Comparing the specific gravity and pour point of various oil fuels, kerosene, heating oil Using a hydrometer or the Friedman freeze test to distinguish kerosene from heating oil Problems With Heating System Reliability When Heating Oil Additives are Used or Low-Level Oil Tanks are Filled Questions & answers about different types of petroleum. The product will be reserved for you when you complete your order. API Gravity. Specific heat and thermal conductivity depend on the specific gravity (or API gravity) and Watson K (UOP K) of the crude. Low specific gravity in tubers can affect processing and fresh market quality through: Increased time and oil for processing, lower chip yield and darker fry color. 7290 and -0. -2- Measurement of Density, Specific Gravity, and API Gravity Objective: Determination of Specific Gravity, and API Gravity for petroleum products Introduction: Determining the density, specific gravity and API gravity of the fliud is very important to classify the fuil. 365 Olive Oil 0. Thus, spilled oil can float, suspend in the water column, or sink. gravity are measured by ASTM D-1298, using a calibrated, glass hydrometer and a glass cylinder. 035 g/ml or 1. 8927 respectively. Cyclomethicone & Dimethicone Silicone Oil High Viscosity 0. Barite also serves as the principal ore of barium. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices by API Gravity (Dollars per Barrel) Values shown for the previous month may be revised to account for late submissions. Urine specific gravity. Pump Formulas — Imperial and SI Units Pressure to Head Imperial Units SI Units H = head, ft P = pressure, psi SG = specific gravity H = head, m P = pressure, bar SG = specific gravity Mass Flow to Volumetric Flow Imperial Units SI Units Q = flow, gpm ṁ = mass flow, lbm/h = mass flow, kg/h SG = specific gravity ρ = fluid density, lbm/ft3. Specific Gravity of Crude Oil: They are many common crude types like west Texas, Brent… API gravity is a measure of how light or heavy the crude oil compared to water. The specific weight of water at ordinary pressure and temperature is 62. The idea came to West Virginia Bishop Michael J. 06 and a specific gravity of 0. 023 corresponds to a salinity of 30 ± 0. 2, a gallon of this sodium hypochlorite weighs 10. Specific Gravity, 60F ASTM D4052; 0. Specific gravity of oil is 0. Alcohol Determination By Specific Gravity - This method provides an approximation of the alcohol content only. It is some times required to compare the density of the soil solids to the density of water. Driving up the price of oil globally does not a scenario specific analysis. The difference in weights is divided by the weight of an equal volume of water to give the specific gravity of the liquid. Can the lower heating value of a fuel be calculated using the temperature and the specific gravity of the fuel More questions Is my car's fuel consumption affected by hot weather, and if so, how?. Water absorption value of our sample comes out to be 0. In any application we are able to calculate specific gravity and molecular weight from density. API gravity is directly related to specific gravity. 0 and is therefore lighter than water and will float on its surface. SPECIFIC GRAVITY CONVERSION CHARTS ETHYLENE GLYCOL & PROPYLENE GLYCOL The Conversion Charts below are to be used with the PPE Precision Specific Gravity Hydrometer and Beaker. Pulp and Paper Pulp is the fibrous mass that results when a pulping process ruptures the bonds in the wood structure that hold the woody cells together. There is a very high correlation between the specific gravity of the tuber and the starch content and also the percentage of dry matter or total solids. The determinations of most specific gravities were made on natural material but a few, made on synthetic material, are indicated by the letter s after the value. Oil Properties: Gravity of the Oil (ºAPI) Gas Properties: Specific gravity of the separator gas : N2 (Mole%) CO2 (Mole%) H2S (Mole%) Water Properties: NaCl (wt%) Specify Either Bubble Point Or GOR: Initial Bubble Point Pressure (psia) GOR at Initial Bubble Point (scf/stb). Most of the essential oils have an specific gravity between 0. 797 Kerosene 60oF 0. For example, the specific gravity of water at 4 o C is 1. 14%, Los Angeles abrasion value is 23. ) Specific Gravity A. Standard Test Method for Density, Relative Density (Speciﬁc Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products by Hydrometer Method1 This standard is issued under the ﬁxed designation D 1298; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year of. The price of Brent Crude is used to set prices for roughly 2/3 of the world's oil. 28 depending on the oil specific gravity. After placing a sample of the glycol in the beaker, check the reading on the hydrometer and match. The specific gravity of mercury is 13. NOx Reduction AI System; End Fired. Introduction to Specific gravity value. 0% for aggregate normally used in roads surfaces. For lubricating oils, viscometers tend to operate by gravity rather than pressure. If, for instance, the specific gravity was found to be 0. Since specific gravity is a ratio, so it has no units. oscillating U-tube. &&Becausespecific&gravity&is& unitless,&it&will&be&the&same&nomatter. light oil(dnr. Typical values (as opposed to minimum) for #2 fuel oil is about 0. Usually our reference substance is water which always has a density of 1 gram per milliliter or 1 gram per cubic centimeter. 74%, bulk unit weight is 1. SG = γ / γ water This definition is helpful when comparing densities of different liquids. Converting Between Density and Specific Gravity Specific gravity values aren't very useful except for predicting whether or not something will float on water and for comparing whether one material is more or less dense than another. Oil density is often reported in terms of API gravity. 0 degree API API gravity is considered to be one of the important factors in deriving the price of a crude oil. Clean the refractometer after each use with distilled water or weak bleach solution (Quanto), wipe lens with lens paper or soft gauze. The oil has a boiling point of 227oC and specific gravity of 0. 7 percent due to using paraffin coated specimens. Gas Specific Gravity relative to Air at 70˚F 5CI 2. If the densities of the substance of interest and the reference substance are known in the same units (e. Apart from its use in the Drilling industry, it is used in various other industries including Lubricant & Grease Manufacturing, Foundry chemicals, paper making industries and Construction chemicals. 1 liter of water weighs 1 kilogram 1 liter of your substance would weigh 1. The official formula used to derive the gravity of petroleum liquids from the specific gravity (SG), as follows: API gravity = 141. Made by faculty at the Colorado School of Mines and produced by the University of Colorado Boulder. Aggregate Blending, Absorption & Specific Gravity 37 Batching M per sieve = %Ret * %Agg * M batch M per sieve = Mass of one aggregate in the blend for one sieve size %Ret = Percent retained on the sieve expressed in decimal form. Specific Gravity of bitumen = ———— Recommended Values. NEW YORK (AP) — Facing a potentially ruinous wave of new sex-abuse lawsuits, the Boy Scouts of America is increasing its annual youth membership fee by more than 80%. 6 fuel oil will be classified as low pour +15 o C(60 o F) max or high pour (no max). So to get the volume, pour the oil into a graduated cylinder or measuring cup (same. Be sure to check and see what your hydrometer is calibrated for, while most hydrometers are calibrated to be accurate at 68 degrees (F) / 20 degrees (C) not all of them are. As a rule, however, the limit values lie much further apart. The idea came to West Virginia Bishop Michael J. So the specific gravity at 27 0 C = K ´ Sp. SPECIFIC GRAVITY: 0. It is denoted by the symbol S. 7 centipoises. 3 °API and 31. Pure water at 4°C (the maximum density) was chosen as the accepted standard for specific gravity and given the value of 1. We doesn't provide specific gravity of battery acid products or service, please contact them directly and verify their companies info carefully. Air Oil Water 0. British columbia, using t]le Berman Gravity Balance. Specific Gravity Temperature Correction Calculator This calculator makes temperature corrections easy to figure out. Common epoxidized oleochemicals are ESO(epoxidized soybean oil) and ELO(epoxidized linseed oil). The use of specific gravity and density from a pharmaceutical point of view is described in this chapter. A typical specification for new oil is 0. 13 on Geosynthetics) as the ratio of the density of the substance in question to the density of a reference substance at a specified condition of temperature and pressure. 1 Specific Gravity—Specific gravity is the ratio of the mass of a given volume of solid or. Acid Treatment: 300 ml of used engine oil was measured in a 500 ml beaker. Some labs use different measurements or test different samples. This invention contemplates the use of a specific gravity analyzer/controller to keep constant the specific gravity of the aromatic extract oil product and thereby maintain the BMCI of that product at a preselected value. Density (specific weight, specific gravity) - is the ratio of mass (weight) of the substance to the volume occupied by it. 90 is pumped with a water jet pump as shown below. ) Specific gravity and density are independent of the size of the sample under consideration and depend only on the substance of which it is made. As a rule, however, the limit values lie much further apart. 919 Liquid Specific Gravity ★ Representative value. 932 Mercury 25 13. Some range as. The term specific gravity means density in comparison to that of water. Note: Product availability is real-time updated and adjusted continuously. 000 A thermometer range 0/230 °F is included. Specific gravity is an important property, not only for the purpose of identification, but because of its effect on the relative size per carat of gems. Furthermore, the value of sg does not depend on the system of units used. 05m, and the pressure at the entrance is 300kPa while the pressure at the exit is 250kPa. The specific gravity of Pongamia pinnata oil was found to be 0. 6) and water at ratio of 230g/l. 93 g/cm 3 between the temperatures of 15 °C and 25 °C. It is some times required to compare the density of the soil solids to the density of water. 0 g/cc at normal pressure and temperature, so the specific gravity of a substance that is 1. Bronner's soaps are gentle and moisturizing, my skin prefers extra moisture when the next wind storm gets brutally cold. Find the reciprocal of the specific gravity of each metal in the alloy. Toxicity of Bakken Crude Oil. 5) / (API Gravity + 131. Requirements and Characteristics of Reciprocating Engine Lubricants (Part Two) Specific Gravity in Lubrication and Cooling Systems Specific gravity is a comparison of the weight of the substance to the weight of an equal volume of distilled water at a specified temperature. ( sieve #200, size 0. These factors include the pressing conditions, the weight of bonding medium applied to a unit area of veneer before pressing. The weight of 50 mL empty density bottle was taken and recorded, w o. 5) A key formula for establishing barrels of crude oil per metric ton. 35mg, acid-4769%, free fatty acid-23. ) Specific gravity and density are independent of the size of the sample under consideration and depend only on the substance of which it is made. SPECIFIC GRAVITY. According to the Engineering Toolbox, the specific gravity of diesel fuel oil lies in the range of 0. Next, make sure the liquid is the same temperature that the hydrometer is calibrated to, or you will get an incorrect reading. can anyone advise me how to abtain the specic gravity of gas? some say ratio of molecular weight of gas to air and some says ratio density of gas to air at standard pressure and temperature. This rugged and reliable meter raises the standard in online Specific Gravity. Specific gravity directly affects heat transfer. Compute the density of water and the specific weight and density of mercury. K-12 Lesson Plans: Students will learn, through the creation of their handmade hydrometer, how a hydrometer functions and what it measures. The density of air at NTP is 1. Some other standards set pure water at 60°F as sg = 1 so it is more correct to state the base used. , with the same density as pure water at 60°F) would have an API gravity of:. Specific gravity measures the kidney's ability to concentrate or dilute urine in relation to plasma. API gravity. 19 kilograms You can convert between different volume units and weight units knowing the specific gravity, such as cups to grams. Strong, competent formations can be drilled with a density less than 1. Water has a specific gravity of 1 which means 1 fluid ounce weighs 1 ounce. Fresh water has a density of 62. 8 According to this CI scale, all n-paraffins have a CI value of 0, while cyclohexane (the simplest naphthene), has a CI value of 50, and benzene has a CI value of 100. The relative density of petroleum liquids can also be uncovered by using API gravity value: RD at 60 o F = 141. Gravity separation is ineffective with small oil droplets or emulsified oil. Crude oil was 38. These were the major types of crude oil in the world. 1 CHAPTER 2. Some deleterious particles are lighter than the "good" aggregates. To find the exact cp of your fluid: To find the exact cp of your fluid: cp = cSt x (weight per gallon x 0. 82 Linolenic Acid 25 0. Silicone oil with a higher specific gravity than that of intraocular fluid or polydimethylsiloxane may have special indications in vitreoretinal surgery. The bottle is weighed, filled with the liquid whose specific gravity is to be found, and weighed again. The osmolality test may not be needed. The main requirements for an engine oil are defined temperature-viscosity properties, protection against wear and corrosion, keeping the engine clean, holding particles like soot or abrasives in suspension, yield strength under compression and many more. Extract values from Crude Oil Assay. To reduce the risk of new aquatic species introductions to coastal ecosystem via the ballast tanks of ocean-going ships, both the United States and Canada have established regulatory and/or policy requirements based on assuring. The predicted concentration and specific gravity of the biodiesel‐diesel blends were compared with the actual values. If, for instance, the specific gravity was found to be 0. standard acceleration of gravity: Numerical value: 9. One of the field tests for Diesel Fuel is to measure its specific gravity. Oil gravity differs for each liquid. The density bottle was first filled with water, weighed and recorded, w 1. Specific gravity is especially important for the petroleum industry. 0% of dry matter of apricot, peach and. Introduction. 4 pounds per cubic foot). High specific gravity (low API) oils are made up of heavier hydrocarbon chains that require more refining to end up as higher-value refined products. 85 times as heavy as an equal volume of water (such as iron is) its specific gravity is 7. CLIA Complexity: Moderate. Light crude oil has an API gravity higher than 31. The specific gravity of water varies with temperature, however, at 4 degrees Celsius the specific gravity of water is 1. the result of the specific gravity for the composite solvent extraction treatment is 0. Specific-Gravity Bottle: A flask made to hold a known volume of liquid at a specified temperature (usually 20°C). 698, bulk oven dry specific gravity is 2. 058 at coolant temperature of 20 C (68 F) CAUTION. The predicted concentration and specific gravity of the biodiesel‐diesel blends were compared with the actual values. Calculate the object's specific gravity by dividing its density by the density of water at 4 degrees Celsius. After placing a sample of the glycol in the beaker, check the reading on the hydrometer and match. This comparison is in the form of ratio and is termed as the specific gravity of the. It is denoted by the symbol S. 806 65 m s-2 : Click here for correlation coefficient of this constant with other constants. The mathematical definition for specific gravity, sg, is. Specific gravity of air, ammonia, butadiene, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and some other common gases. Substituting Equation (6a) into Equation (8) (St = 0. 9193 g/cm3 observed for soybean oil Viscosity values estimate an oil’s relative thickness or resistance to flow. 1 CHAPTER 2. Wastewater temperature and pH have a major impact on the efficiency. The other advantage of API gravity value that we can determine the sulphur contain in crude oil , the higher value if API gravity means the less contain of sulfur , the high levels of sulfur contains can be toxic and dangerous and can cause breathing hazards. 66%, and are under the specific limits of the ASTM. To determine the specific gravity of semi-solid bitumen road tars, creosote and anthracene oil as per IS: 1202 – 1978. 49 and the reciprocal is 1 divided by 10. 4 lbf/ft3)r = 56. Light Crude oil is liquid petroleum that has low density and that flows freely at room temperature. 00 gram per cubic centimeter). Nitrogen is also used to maintain pressure in oil and natural gas producing formations. However, calculation of hydrocarbon-in-place of a gas-condensate reservoir is more complex because of the change from a single gaseous phase in the reservoir to two phases (gas and condensate) at the surface. Some range as. Since specific gravity is the ratio between the density (mass per unit volume) of an actual gas and the density of air - specific gravity has no dimension. 0 g/cm3, so the numeric value of specific gravity for a rock is the same as that for density. 531%, porosity is 0. Specific gravity is an important property, not only for the purpose of identification, but because of its effect on the relative size per carat of gems. 2 g 65 mL Propylene glycol 17mL rifled water ad 100 mL. Combining values from the two systems may result in nonconformance with the standard. Apricot, peach and cherry pits were obtained from processing plants and after removal of hard shells the kernels were separated and analyzed, and crude oil was extracted with petroleum ether. Fish oil supplements were found to decrease risk of heart attack (but not heart disease). Web Price $105. Effect of storage history on the specific heat capacity of crude palm oil samples showed that the specific heat capacity of the. Compute the density of water and the specific weight and density of mercury. 90 is flowing downward through the venturi meter shown in Fig. Be sure to check and see what your hydrometer is calibrated for, while most hydrometers are calibrated to be accurate at 68 degrees (F) / 20 degrees (C) not all of them are. SG-1 includes Pycnometer Jar and Top, Conical Mold, and Tamper. Note that the relationship between °API and specific gravity is not linear. the Specific Gravity value of each ingredient becomes important. It is lighter than air, having a specific gravity of 0. The specific gravity of oilfield waters ranges from 1. lf the velocity of flow in the 2-in-diameter section is 10. 2)(1 "g/ml") rho " solution"=1. It is also used in a variety of prepared foods such as frozen desserts and coffee whiteners. Specific gravity directly affects heat transfer. 871) and a sulfur content of 2%/weight DME Oman Crude Oil Futures. The oil gravity has a very strong effect on the calculated oil viscosity and solution gas-oil ratio. Cyclomethicone & Dimethicone Silicone Oil High Viscosity 0. 2 and its density is equal to (4. Pure water at 4°C (the maximum density) was chosen as the accepted standard for specific gravity and given the value of 1. Tuber specific gravity has a strong relationship with starch content, total solids, and mealiness (cooking quality). Permian, Eagle Ford, Bakken, and Oklahoma production gravity data. Therefore, the specific gravity of gold is simply 19. Where: DENSg = density (lb/cuft) SGgas = specific gravity referred to air. The correct drilling fluid density is dependent on the subsurface formation pressures. The specific gravity of a solid substance is the ratio of the weight of a given the value of specific gravity is necessary to h ave specific gr avities below 2. 2 Report the absorption result to the nearest 0. specific gravity values. Saponification values and iodine values can be determined according to Methods Cd 3-25 and Cd 1-25, respectively, according to the Official and Tentative Methods of the American Oil Chemists' Society. It is defined so that the value remains same even when we use different system of units such as ft-lb. 85 as the specific gravity of vegetable oil They are asking for its density. specific gravity = 1. 6 fuel oil can vary from 0. 9 so we find its specific weight using the value of water = 62. API Gravity. Statistical analysis was performed to determine urine specific gravity value intervals and to test for associations with sex, sample collection method, packed cell volume, plasma total protein concentrations and urine analytes. PowerPoint slide on Fluid Mechanics compiled by Rashmi. g n = 978031. Our Double Wall Chemical Storage Tanks are rated at 1. The specific gravity of water is defined as 1. Engine Oil, SAE 30 density values in 285 units of density, in the form of a matrix; (100. Blending with DF2 lowered the specific gravity significantly, and a correlation model was developed for use to approximate the specific gravity of any JME-DF2 fuel blend. Trifluorsiloxane is such a substance, and therefore its biological compatibility was investigated in rabbit eyes. API Gravity of Diesel. Specific gravity (sp gr) measures the ratio of density of the substance to the density of water in a given temperature, (i. 93 g/cm 3 between the temperatures of 15 °C and 25 °C. 6 °C) – 131. That is, a substance's density is divided by the density of water at 4 F (0 C). METHODS FOR DETERMINING SPECIFIC GRAVITY Many different types of instruments are used in the oil and gas industry for determining specific gravity. 8927 respectively. Citral content (82%) is higher than that of the recommendation of Indian Standard. Fresh water has a density of 62. 89 which means 1 fluid ounce weighs. Definition: specific gravity (noun) - the ratio of the density of any substance to the density of some other substance taken as standard, water being the standard for liquids and solids, and hydrogen or air being the standard for gases. Oil Properties: Gravity of the Oil (ºAPI) Gas Properties: Specific gravity of the separator gas : N2 (Mole%) CO2 (Mole%) H2S (Mole%) Water Properties: NaCl (wt%) Specify Either Bubble Point Or GOR: Initial Bubble Point Pressure (psia) GOR at Initial Bubble Point (scf/stb). API Gravity of Diesel. 7 centipoises. The figure itself is not measured by units, it is simply reported as a value and it is this value that can help you calculate a. Download Specific Heat Capacity Unit Converter our powerful software utility that helps you make easy conversion between more than 2,100 various units of measure in more than 70 categories. Solution: Given: Specific weight of oil = 7. Specific gravity is the ratio of the mass (weight) of a rock to the mass of the same volume of water. Specific gravity of common liquids and fluids like alcohol, oils, benzene, water and many more. Barite Rose: This "barite rose" is a cluster of bladed barite crystals that have grown in sand, incorporating many of the sand grains within each crystal. Also specific gravity data were provided as a reference for different biodiesel fuels and their blends with No. Therefore, higher API gravity. G t = True Specific Gravity. This is a test of a physical property that relates to the oil’s composition and function. Bailey's industrial oil & fat products, 6th edition 2005, Wiley-Intersience New York Pink; Physical and chemical characteristics of oils, fats, and waxes, Champaign, Illinois, AOCS Press, 2006. 93 g/cm 3 between the temperatures of 15 °C and 25 °C. Specific gravity of treated oil samples was analyzed by digital hydrometer of Thermo-Hygro. As of Thursday’s close, prices were right around their mid-December 2018 level of $52 and change. In paving jobs, to classify a binder, density property is of great use. Using API gravity, the conventional crude oils can be generally considered as light (°API>30), medium (30>°API>22), and heavy (°API<22). For example, if the specific gravity of water is 1. Kachhi Ghani Mustard Oil shall be clear, free from rancidity, suspended or foreign matter, separated water, added colouring or flavouring substances or mineral oil. Because specific gravity is a ratio of two properties with the same units, it is a dimensionless quantity. Crude oil is classified as light, medium, or heavy according to its measured API gravity. If the oil is heated, its specific weight decreases, and vise versa when the oil is cold. Glucose or protein may also increase specific gravity out of proportion to osmolality, as measured by hydrometer or refractometer. The intersected value is your API gravity corrected to 60 F.